Writing a Literary Commentary

This avoids results that are disappointing to both the teacher and the student. This is usually the hardest question for students to answer and needs further division.

The features of a body paragraph are a topic sentence, supporting sentences with evidence, and a concluding sentence. There is typically more reliance on the interpretation of ideas and evidence by the student than in the sciences and social sciences. For definition of reflective essay the student, the challenge is to understand and control the ideas in each essay, producing a coherent and logical argument that fulfils the essay brief. As with all essays, careful structure, word choices, and language use are essential to succeeding.

Transitioning to Your Conclusion

This is possibly the most common error and largely comes from letting one’s own ideas infect the essay writing process. This essay is from English studies and shows typical features of an arts and humanities essay. It is examining two ideas, namely ‘national identity’ and ‘liturgical expression’ and applying them both to a period of history. The essay does this by analysing linguistic choices, using interpretation from the literature base to create an argument that addresses the essay title. A good tip is to write these topic sentences out in your planning time, and ask yourself whether they constitute a coherent, developed commentary plan. The groups can report their findings back to the class and then they might discuss what audience they think given advertisements are aimed at, and how persuasive they might be. Ask how many of them agree that they are influenced by advertisements.

  1. OCA students who registered before August 2022 can choose to be awarded by The Open University, or by the University for the Creative Arts .
  2. Here we focus on the key principles of academic writing as a way to communicate your ideas using appropriate language, structure and organisation.
  3. If your department does not appear above, do ask your supervisor or other academic staff what specific guidance is available.
  4. Summarise each of your points from the main body of your essay.
  5. Each essay task is different and consequently the information below is not designed to be a substitute for checking the information for your specific essay task.

As you get more experienced with essay writing, you will want to adapt this model to suit the structure and shape of your ideas. Use plain language – you don’t have to search for a more «academic-sounding» word when a simple one will do. Markers are looking for clear and accurate expression of ideas, not jargon or confusing language. Shorter sentences are usually clearer than long complex ones, but make sure it is a whole sentence and not just a clause or phrase. Ask students to compare the structure, diction etc. of the two prose passages you have given them.

Body Paragraph Quiz

This will be demonstrated using observations from practice, appropriate theorists such as Sellman , Lachman and philosophers including Aristotle and https://nakhlah.sa/2022/11/28/how-do-you-introduce-a-quote-at-the-beginning-of-a/ Ross . Procrastination is a complex concept which manifests itself in different types of behaviour yet is experienced by individuals universally.

Effective commentary caters well for different audiences. It ensures users fully understand the nature of the statistics and the top-line results they should be able to reproduce if undertaking further analysis.

Introduction to academic writing

Supporting sentences explain the reasons for the main idea of the paragraph. Each paragraph should have multiple supporting sentences that explain the topic sentence. The purpose of body paragraphs is to explain your ideas. In the body paragraphs, you make your arguments, provide evidence, and explain your reasoning. It is this interleaving of numerical and concrete facts with theoretical ideas that have been created and/or observed that is a typical feature in social sciences.

Your conclusion should be a short section to sum up how your essay has answered the question, reinforce your introduction, and include a reference to the wording of the title. Try to focus on the question but avoid repeating what you wrote in the introduction. To write a good essay, you firstly need to have a clear understanding of what the essay question is asking you to do.

Tell users about quality and methods

Accessibility and clarity is the quality and sufficiency of metadata, illustrations and accompanying advice. To prevent confusion or the use of incorrect figures, ensure only the latest version of a revised dataset is available. Explain the nature and extent of revisions, and how these revisions affect https://kea.kz/how-to-write-an-academic-essay-with-references-and/ the interpretation of the statistics. When discussing confidence intervals and other quality measures use a plain English explanation. Make sure that such explanations are as easy as possible to understand and not overly detailed. Ask a colleague or non-expert to peer review the explanation.

  1. Avoid general statements about the quality of the statistics.
  2. Subject–verb agreement, as you’ve probably learned, is the rule that the subject in a sentence…
  3. This will also give you a reading grade and it can help to improve your content by identifying complex sentence structures, phrasing and words.
  4. The purpose of body paragraphs is to explain your ideas.
  5. The Government Digital Service have put together plain English guidance and a list of words to avoid.
  6. Not only will you have dented a prejudice but you will also have had a very enjoyable lesson, in which every student has participated.
  7. Include possible reasons, appropriately justified, to explain what the statistics show.

Academic writing is defined by conventions rather than rules. This means that they are flexible and adaptable at least some of the time. Commentary in statistical bulletins may not be appropriate for all types of users. Good commentary can be adapted from bulletins and used elsewhere. Timeliness and punctuality describes the time between the date of publication and the date to which the data refers, and the time between the actual publication and the planned publication of a statistic. Publishing content in HTML allows producers to use website data to gain insight into how users access and navigate in publications.


This is the language used in class discussions, in meetings and in seminars. There is more forethought and organization given to what is being said but attention signals are asked for and given; one expects at least a nod or the occasional “yes” as a response.

From a one hour session online to a full academic year of face to face lessons, all it takes is five minutes for us to take down your information. A few days before the deadline, take your eyes away from the essay for few hours at least and then re-read it with fresh eyes all as one unit without making any changes. If the question has a historical part, political part bridge introduction paragraph and social part, remember that you need to address them all. It can be very difficult after repeated reading to see your own mistakes. Alternatively, use text-speech software such as TextHelp Read&Write to read the text aloud to you. We’re a world top-100 university renowned for the excellence, impact and distinctiveness of our research-led learning and teaching.

Use formal language

Include any views which are contrary to your own and how they relate to what you originally thought. Contrast Similar to compare but concentrate on the dissimilarities between two or more phenomena, or what sets them apart. Point out any differences which are particularly transition words to introduce a quote significant. Critically evaluate Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true, or to what extent you agree with them. Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources which both agree with and contradict an argument.

how to write commentary for an essay

It is worth putting together half a dozen of these comparisons. Students can do this for homework but it is important to go over the results in class. The paragraphs in the main body develop your argument or response to the essay title, using examples to explore the different aspects of the question. Think about how each paragraph builds up the argument and use connecting words and phrases to link together the paragraphs. In some departments, you may be encouraged to use headings for the different sections, but check this with your assignment guidelines or tutors. We look at how to present a full picture of the subject, and how factors like structure and language can impact upon the messages that readers take away. We discuss the importance of considering the users of the statistics when writing commentary.

A fluid, logical structure

This is no mean task and should certainly never be seen as an ‘easy option’ in comparison to traditional essay work. Uses transitions to manage time, maintain interest and interconnect the extracts, excerpts and commentaries. how to reference an article in an essay Spoken word commentary and/or caption cards, subtitles, etc. Do not underline book titles, you may put your titles in quotation marks or in italics. Your college or University will tell you which they prefer.

  1. Effective commentary caters well for different audiences.
  2. The above is just the beginning of a lot more work on literary analysis.
  3. Sound knowledge of your topic and its theoretical context will help you to interpret the statistics and add value through your commentary.
  4. Don’t start time series at a point that could be perceived as not being impartial.
  5. Every supporting sentence should directly explain, refer back to, or build on the main idea using specific evidence and examples where possible.

Add a transition to the topic sentence of Body Paragraph 1. Use transition words (e.g., therefore) that emphasize the relationship between the topic sentence and the thesis statement. Let the reader know you are wrapping up the paragraph with a concluding how long does an essay have to be sentence. The concluding sentence is the last sentence of the paragraph. It wraps up the paragraph and lets the reader know you are ready to move on to the next point. A good topic sentence clearly connects to the essay’s thesis statement.

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